The purpose of the root canal treatment is to save and repair a tooth that is badly infected or decayed. The pulp and nerve of a tooth can become infected, inflamed, and irritated due to repeated dental procedures on a tooth, deep decay, or crack, large fillings, or chip in the tooth. This may also occur due to trauma to the face. During a root canal procedure, removing the tooth’s pulp and nerve, cleaning the inside, and then sealed. Not taking the treatment on time, an abscess may form after the tissue surrounding the tooth becomes infected.
The nerve of a tooth is not vitally important to the function and health after the tooth has come through the gums. The only thing sensory is its function – to offer the feeling of hot/cold. The working of your tooth will remain unaffected by the absence of a nerve. Root canal procedures are notorious for being painful. However, the procedure itself is not as painful as having a filling placed. Below is a real reason for this treatment is necessary.
Removing the Tooth pulp
When nerve tissue or pulp of a tooth is damaged, it breaks down, and bacteria multiply within the pulp chamber. The bacteria may cause an infection or abscessed tooth along with other decayed debris. An abscess is a pocket filled with pus that forms at the end of the tooth’s roots. When the infection spreads past the ends of the tooth’s roots, an abscess happens. If the root canal of a tooth is infected, it may also be responsible:
- Swelling that may spread further to other areas of the head, neck, or face
- Bone loss around the root’s tip
- Drainage issues extended outward from the root. A hole may occur with drainage into the cheek’s skin or through the tooth’s side due to drainage into the gums
The signs that a root canal is required
You may notice the following signs if you need a root canal:
- Lingering tooth sensitivity, especially to heat/cold
- Sharp pain when biting or chewing
- Pimples on your gums
- Cracked or chipped teeth
- Painful or swollen gums
- Darkened or deep decay gums
About root canal procedure
A dentist or endodontist can perform a root canal, depends on your choice. An endodontist is a dentist specializing in the treatment, prevention, diagnosis, and causes of injuries of diseases of the tooth’s nerve or dental pulp. If your root canal may be more challenging, your general dentist may recommend you to see an endodontist. The procedure will follow these tips:
- Your dentist will take one or more X-rays to see the shape of the root canals. This will allow them to determine if there are any signs of infection in a surrounding bone. They will numb the area near the tooth through local anesthesia. Since the nerve is dead, you may not need anesthesia. However, many dentists will still anesthetize the site to ensure you feel more relaxed.
- To keep the area free of saliva during treatment, your dentist will place a sheet of rubber (also referred to as a rubber dam) around the tooth.
- Subsequently, access into the tooth through drilling is the next step. The bacteria, the pulp, and the decayed nerve tissue removal from the tooth takes place. Using a series of files, the area is cleaned out. They are positioned into the access hole and work down the full length of the tooth to scrub and scrape the sides of the root canals. As this goes on, sodium hypochlorite or water will be sprayed in the area to flush the debris away.
- After cleaning the tooth thoroughly, it is sealed. Some dentists like to wait roughly 6-7 days before sealing the tooth. For example, if there is an infection, your dentist may drop a medication inside the tooth for clearing it up. Other dentists may prefer sealing the tooth the same day it is cleaned out. If the root canal is a gradual process and does not happen on the same day, a temporary filling is placed in the tooth’s exterior hole to keep the food and saliva out between appointments.
- At the subsequent appointment, a rubber compound and a sealer paste go into the root canal. Filling of the cavity occurs during the treatment’s preliminary phase.
- Further restoration of the tooth is the final step. Often, a tooth that requires a root canal has extensive decay, a large filling, or other weakness. Due to that, you may need a post, crown, or other restoration to safeguard it, prevent it from cracking, and restore it to full function. Your dentist will discuss the need for any extra dental work with you.
Looking for a root canal treatment in McKinney? Give Eternity Dental a call now!